ALICE RAP Science Findings

The ALICE RAP Science Findings give a simple (1-2 page) account of each of the main results coming out of the different lines of research undertaken in the project. Each Science Finding gives a summary of the results and links to further reading and the more detailed ALICE RAP deliverable reports.

The full volume of science findings is now available for download.

Documents

Order by : Name | Date | Hits [ Ascendant ]

AR Science Findings 20 - Concept of addiction over time AR Science Findings 20 - Concept of addiction over time

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Date added: 02/01/2016
Date modified: 06/30/2016
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Most addiction concepts in various European countries changed between 1860 and 1980, but by the end of this period some degree of homogeneity around terminology can be observed.

Key words: evolution, addiction, concepts, Europe

 

Lead author(s): Berridge, Mold

AR Science Findings 19 - implicit cognitions in addiction AR Science Findings 19 - implicit cognitions in addiction

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Date added: 06/09/2016
Date modified: 06/30/2016
Filesize: 293.26 kB
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Automatic biases towards alcohol drinking in adolescents are related to a genetic vulnerability; and online interventions which directly target such cognitive-motivational processes show promise as add-ons to treatment for clinical alcohol problems.

Key words: alcohol, cannabis, implicit cognitions, online interventions


Lead author(s): Weirs & Pronk

AR Science Findings 18 - Transitions out of harm AR Science Findings 18 - Transitions out of harm

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Date added: 02/01/2016
Date modified: 06/30/2016
Filesize: 280.83 kB
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Limited research evidence exists on the determinants of transitions from high-risk to low-risk substance use and gambling that occur without clinical or psychotherapeutic intervention; however, evidence supports that a key driver of transitions from harmful to low-risk substance use or gambling is life changes in the user, for example getting a job, getting married and having children.

Key words: determinants, reduction, life changes, harmful behaviours

 

Lead author(s): Gell, McLeod, B├╝hringer, Meier, Lingford-Hughes, Holmes, Forberger

AR Science Findings 17 - Transitions into harm AR Science Findings 17 - Transitions into harm

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Date added: 02/01/2016
Date modified: 06/30/2016
Filesize: 276.74 kB
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Determinants at the level of the social, economic and political environment are more important in the transition to risky substance use and gambling whilst determinants at the individual and sub-individual level of analysis are more dominant in the transition to harmful behaviours.

Key words: determinants, harmful behaviour, transitions, risky behaviour

 

Lead author(s): Lees, Gell, McLeod, B├╝hringer, Meier, Lingford-Hughes, Holmes, Forberger

AR Science Findings 16 - Evolutionary drivers AR Science Findings 16 - Evolutionary drivers

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Date added: 02/01/2016
Date modified: 06/30/2016
Filesize: 205.69 kB
Downloads: 3451

Understanding human evolutionary behaviour and the common mismatch between the way we run our lives in present times and the way our lives were run in the environment in which we evolved can provide better pointers as to what needs to be done to reduce the ill-health and premature death resulting from the use of alcohol and drugs.

Key words: ill-health, heavy use, drugs, evolutionary behaviour

 

Lead author(s): Anderson