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The burden of liver disease in Europe: A review of available epidemiological data The burden of liver disease in Europe: A review of available epidemiological data

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Date added: 02/18/2013
Date modified: 02/18/2013
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Downloads: 2256

Authors: Martin Blachier, Henri Leleu, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Dominique-Charles Valla, Françoise Roudot-Thoraval

To survey the burden of liver disease in Europe and its causes 260 epidemiological studies published in the last five years were reviewed.

The incidence and prevalence of cirrhosis and primary liver cancer are key to understand the burden of liver disease. They represent the end-stage of liver pathology and thus are indicative of the associated mortality. About 0.1% of Hungarian males will die of cirrhosis every year compared with 0.001% of Greek females. WHO estimate that liver cancer is responsible for around 47,000 deaths per year in the EU.

Harmful alcohol consumption, viral hepatitis B and C and metabolic syndromes related to overweight and obesity are the leading causes of cirrhosis and primary liver cancer in Europe.

The international diffusion of European alcohol research The international diffusion of European alcohol research

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Date added: 02/15/2013
Date modified: 02/15/2013
Filesize: 234.05 kB
Downloads: 1772

Authors: Noemi Robles, Silvia Matrai, Vanesa Carral Bielsa, Joan Colom, Antoni Gual

Europe presents the highest rates of alcohol consumption per inhabitant, with an impact exceeding 6% of the DALYs lost. However, European researchers claim that most of the research in the alcohol field is conducted outside Europe. In order to assess this claim, a review of international indexed publications on alcohol marketing and availability, two cornerstones of alcohol public health policy, was performed.

Not Early Drinking but Early Drunkenness Is a Risk Factor for Problem Behaviors Among Adolescents Not Early Drinking but Early Drunkenness Is a Risk Factor for Problem Behaviors Among Adolescents

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Date added: 02/14/2013
Date modified: 04/02/2013
Filesize: Unknown
Downloads: 2223

Authors: Emmanuel Kuntsche, Ingeborg Rossow, Bruce Simons-Morton, Tom Ter Bogt, Anna Kokkevi, and Emmanuelle Godeau.

Many studies have reported that the earlier the age at first drink (AFDrink) the higher the later drinking levels and related problems. However, unless adolescents proceed into drunkenness, it is unclear why consuming small quantities at early age should lead to later problems. This study investigates the link between AFDrink and problem behaviors (smoking, cannabis use, injuries, fights, and low academic performance) among 15-year-olds who did and did not proceed into drunkenness. Among those with drunkenness experience, the study tested whether AFDrink predicted problem behaviors over and above the age at first drunkenness (AFDrunk).

Effectiveness of a Selective, Personality-Targeted Prevention Program for Adolescent Alcohol Use Effectiveness of a Selective, Personality-Targeted Prevention Program for Adolescent Alcohol Use

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Date added: 01/29/2013
Date modified: 01/29/2013
Filesize: Unknown
Downloads: 2884

Authors: Patricia J. Conrod, Maeve O’Leary-Barrett, Nicola Newton, Lauren Topper, Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Clare Mackie, Alain Girard.

Selective school-based alcohol prevention programs targeting youth with personality risk factors for addiction and mental health problems have been found to reduce substance use and misuse in those with elevated personality profiles.

The findings of this article further support the personality-targeted approach to alcohol prevention and its effectiveness when provided by trained school staff. Particularly novel are the findings of some mild herd effects that result from this selective prevention program.

A public response to the Adam Smith Institute’s critique of the Sheffield Alcohol Policy Model A public response to the Adam Smith Institute’s critique of the Sheffield Alcohol Policy Model

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Date added: 01/29/2013
Date modified: 01/29/2013
Filesize: 315.91 kB
Downloads: 1932

Authors: Alan Brennan, John Holmes, Yang Meng and Robin Purshouse (University of Sheffield)

This document is the response from the University of Sheffield (Shiefield Alcohol Research Group) to a recent report by the Adam Smith Institute (ASI) critiquing the Shieffield Alcohol Policy Model which applies to the effectiveness of minimum pricing.